TECHNICAL LEAD (TL)
Root cause analysis
For the authorisation requirement of a user, the transactions with user assignment already awarded should be determined accordingly, in order to be able to exclude them when selecting a suitable role. How does this work? There are various ways to identify specific user-assigned transactions, with varying degrees of result. The following article presents two variants. The first section first describes how to use SUIM to address the problem and what problems are encountered. It then explains how the task can be solved by using the transaction SE16N. As in the previous blog post Identifying all transactions of multiple roles, the roles Test_Schmidt1 and Test_Schmidt2 are used for this. Two of the transactions MM01, MM02, MM03 and MM04 were assigned to these roles in different ways. In the Test_Schmidt1 role, the transactions MM01 and MM02 were entered in the Role menu. In the Test_Schmidt2 role, the transaction MM03 was maintained in the menu of the role, but the transaction MM04 was maintained only in the S_TCODE permission object of the role. Both roles have been assigned to the user SCHMIDT_TEST. Identification of certain transactions with user assignment using SUIM This option is useful if only one transaction is to be checked for its existing assignment to a particular user. The audit is carried out here by means of the transaction SUIM. For this purpose, the variant "Roles according to complex selection criteria" has to be executed in the SUIM. After activating the option "With valid assignment of", the corresponding user and the transaction to be checked will be entered here. It is also recommended to hide the display of the collection roles in the search results.
Database layer: The database layer contains a database server on which all the data of the SAP ERP system is managed. This includes the database management system (DBMS for short) and the actual dataset. The dataset includes user data and data tables as well as applications and system control tables.
Clear authorization concept
IMPORT_PROPER In this step, the repository and table entries are recorded. There are the following reasons that may lead to the termination of this step: TP_INTERFACE_FAILURE: Unable to call tp interface. TP_FAILURE: The tp programme could not be run. For more information, see the SLOG or ALOG log file. TP_STEP_FAILURE: A tp-Step could not be performed successfully. The cause of the error can be found in the appropriate protocol, for example in the import or generation protocol. If the generation (tp-Step G) is aborted, you can either fix the errors immediately or after the commit is completed. In the latter case, you must do the following: To ignore the generation errors, select Additions Ignore Gen Error. Continue the playback. Buffer synchronisation problems can also cause generation errors. For more information, see Note 40584.
If you have modified SAP objects, you have to match these objects during playback. The transaction SPDD matches Dictionary objects, and the transaction SPAU Repository objects. Prerequisites SPAM prompts you for modification matching. How to Stop Inserting the Support Package (F12). SPAM will resume processing at RUN_SPDD or RUN_SPAU steps. To enable your developers to perform the modification synchronisation, create an order in the Transport Organiser [Extern] and under this task for the developers. Ask developers to perform the modification matching for their objects. Synchronisation of Dictionary Objects (SPDD): The developers can view the list of affected objects with the addition of Synchronise Modifications in the input image of the transaction SPAM. Synchronisation of Repository Objects (SPAU): Developers must call the transaction SPAU and then match it. Once the match is complete, developers must share the tasks and inform you. The comparison can be done in any client. Call SPAM. Select Insert Support Package Queue. You will be prompted again to perform the modification sync. Since it has already been completed, ignore the hint and select Next. SPAM completes the processing and returns the status.
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You have complex SAP software in use or are just introducing a new module tailored to your company, but the test process plays a subordinate role and tests take place only sporadically and unstructured? Then you have already made the first mistake.