Audit Information System Cockpit
Task & functionality of the SAP authorization concept
With the new transaction SAIS, you will enter the AIS cockpit, where you will be able to evaluate the various audit structures related to the topic. When performing an audit, under Audit Structure, select one of the existing structures and select a check number in the appropriate field. Audit structures may be subject to different audits; Therefore, you must always select an audit first. To do this, select a verification number or create a new audit. After you select the audit, the audit tree will appear in the cockpit. You can now perform the individual steps of the audit along the definition in the audit tree.
The general SAP authorizations are used most often and for many things they are sufficient. For example, if only the HR department has access to the SAP HCM system. However, if other users come onto the system and you only want to allow them access to a limited number of personnel, then in the case of the general authorizations you have to deal with the organization key of infotype 1 (VSDK1), which must be hard-coded into the authorization roles. If ESS/MSS or Manager Desktop etc. now come into play, however, this means a large number of authorization roles, namely a separate one for each manager. This makes maintenance and servicing very time-consuming and your authorization concept becomes opaque, which in turn brings the much-quoted auditor onto the scene.
Using these authorizations, any source code can be executed independently of the actual developer authorizations and thus any action can be performed in the system. This authorization should only be assigned to an emergency user.
The Security Audit Log can also log customer-specific events in restricted way starting with SAP NetWeaver 7.31. The event definitions DUX, DUY and DUZ are reserved for customers and delivered with a dummy expression. For these events, you can then define individually configurable messages using the RSAU_WRITE_CUSTOMER_EVTS function block. To do this, you must first identify the additional necessary events and define their message texts and variables. Note that you may not change the meaning of the message and the arrangement of the variables later, as this would prevent older log files from being readable. Finally, you must include the new message definitions in your filters (transaction SM19). You will find the corrections and an overview of the required support packages in SAP Note 1941526. Since the use of this functionality requires extensive knowledge about the Security Audit Log, it is important that you also consider the recommendations in SAP Note 1941568 and that you can be supported by a basic consultant.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
These UI components are, technically speaking, BSP applications.
This is not possible if the first and third characters of the SAP System ID (SID) and the number sequence for generating the permission profile match.