Efficient SAP rollout through central, tool-supported management
Since the maintenance effort would be too great if individual authorizations were entered in the user master record, authorizations can be combined into authorization profiles. Changes to access rights take effect for all users who have entered the profile in the master record.
The SAP Solution Manager is the central platform for all technically supported services, because information about the connected systems is available when you schedule data collections for these systems via background jobs. The documentation for the safe operation of SAP systems is compiled in the SAP End-to-End Solution Operations Standard for Security (Secure Operations Standard). It provides an overview of security aspects of SAP operations and is designed to guide you through the available information and recommendations and to refer you to relevant content.
Lack of definition of an internal control system (ICS)
When the auth/authorisation_trace parameter is turned on, external services are written to the USOBHASH table and permission checks are logged in the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. You can now use the contents of this table to apply the checked objects and values from the trace to the suggestion values in the transaction SU24. Because it is a dynamic profile parameter, it is reset when the application server is launched. Now open the transaction SU24 and you will find your own UIK component as an external service. Double-clicking on this service will tell you that no suggestion values have been maintained there. You can apply these suggested values from the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. Here you should at least maintain the UIU_COMP authorization object so that this information is loaded into the PFCG role as soon as you include the external service in your role menu.
What roles does my user have (SU01)? We start with a simple question: which roles are actually assigned to your SAP user? With the transaction SU01 you can view your (or other) SAP user. Among a lot of other information, you can find the assigned single and composite roles on the "Roles" tab.
With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.
In complex SAP landscapes where the Central User Administration (ZBV) is used, there may be cases where you want to temporarily remove a subsidiary system from the ZBV without having to delete this system or shut down the entire ZBV, for example if you want to create users in a subsidiary system at short notice.
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