SAP Authorizations Get an overview of the organisations and their dependencies maintained in the system - SAP Basis

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Get an overview of the organisations and their dependencies maintained in the system
Add External Services from SAP CRM to the User Menu
You want to secure access to the application server files? Find out what the S_DATASET and S_PATH authorization objects offer, what limitations are, and what pitfalls are lurking. Access to the application server's files is protected by kernel-built permission checks, similar to how transactions and RFC function blocks are started. SAP's proposed permissions for the S_DATASET authorization object do not provide much help, and S_PATH has virtually no information, because you must activate this authorization object only by customising the SPTH table. Often the permissions to S_DATASET are too generous, the SPTH table is not well maintained and S_PATH is not used at all. Here we show you how these permissions work and how you can restrict them.

In the SAP system, passwords are locked when the maximum number of allowed password login errors is reached. This counter is reset with a password each time you successfully log in. In addition, an initial password can be locked when its validity has expired. Both the validity of the initial password and the maximum value for password login errors are set using profile parameters. For details, see Tip 4, "Set password parameters and valid passwords characters". A password lock only prevents a user from logging in via his password, because the number of errors is only evaluated if the login is done by password. If a login is now made via other authentication methods (such as SSO), these are not affected by the password lock. This also applies to internal expiration procedures (such as background jobs) because you do not need to register a password. This prevents, for example, denial-of-service attacks, which first cause a password to be locked in order to block internal processes. Eine Ausnahme von dieser Regel gibt es allerdings: Auch wenn andere Authentifizierungsverfahren genutzt werden, prüft das System, ob der Benutzer dazu in der Lage ist, sich mit einem Passwort anzumelden. Wenn dies der Fall ist und das Passwort gerade geändert werden muss, wird diese Änderung vom Benutzer abgefragt. Diese Abfrage können Sie aber auch mithilfe des Profilparameters login/password_change_for_SSO ausschalten.
Define S_RFC permissions using usage data
In addition, critical commands should be prohibited from the outset. Examples are EXEC SQL, which allows direct access to database tables bypassing certain security mechanisms, and CLIENT SPECIFIED, which allows access to data in other clients.

The indirect role assignment uses the evaluation paths PROFLO and PROFLINT for assigning the PFCG roles to the corresponding users. However, these evaluation methods ignore the object CP (central person), which represents the business partner in SAP CRM. In transaction PFUD, which provides for the user comparison, the evaluation paths US_ACTGR and SAP_TAGT are used. Again the object CP is not known.

The possibility of assigning authorizations during the go-live can be additionally secured by using "Shortcut for SAP systems".

Please specify it accordingly.

A whitelist allows you to specify which users (such as emergency users) you want to exclude from the evaluation.
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