Mitigating GRC risks for SAP systems
Lack of know-how
In many SAP environments, there are historically grown authorization structures that cause unnecessary security gaps. These should be examined closely.
If the changes to your SU24 data have not been detected with step 2a, or if you have imported transports from other system landscapes into your system, you have the option to reset the timestamp tables and start again. To do this, run the SU24_AUTO_REPAIR report in a system that is still at the state of the legacy release so that the modification flag is set correctly (see tip 38, "Use the SU22 and SU24 transactions correctly"). Subsequently, you create a transport and transport your SU24 data to the system, which is at the state of the new release. Now delete your timestamp tables. You can use the report SU25_INITIALIZE_TSTMP. Starting with SAP NetWeaver 7.31, you have the choice to set the reference time stamp from the SU22 data or delete the contents of the time stamp tables. You can then run Step 2a again.
Suitable for this responsible task are, for example, department heads or SAP key users who are familiar with all data access options (cross-module, via report, directly to the raw table, etc.) as well as with the organizational and technical protection measures. By signing the data ownership concept, the responsibility should be acknowledged and taken as seriously and bindingly as, for example, the signature under the purchase contract of a house.
If the FIORI interface is then used under SAP S/4HANA, the additional components must also be taken into account here. Authorizations are no longer made available to the user via "transaction entries" in the menu of a role. Instead, catalogs and groups are now used here. These are stored similar to the "transaction entries" in the menu of a role and assigned to the user. However, these catalogs must first be filled with corresponding tiles in the so-called "Launchpad Designer". It is important to ensure that all relevant components (tile component and target assignment component(s)) are always stored in the catalog. The FIORI catalog is used to provide a user with technical access to a tile. A corresponding FIORI group is used to make these tiles visually available to the user for access in the Launchpad.
If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.
For the fixes and an overview of the required support packages, see SAP Note 1819317.
Transaction SE63 allows you to translate a variety of text in the SAP system.