SAP Authorizations Structural authorizations - SAP Basis

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Structural authorizations
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For the scenario of sending initials passwords, signing emails is not so relevant. Although it is possible to send an encrypted e-mail with a fake sender address, in this case the initial passwords in the system would not work. It looks different when you send business data; In such cases, verification of the sender via a digital signature is recommended. If you want to send e-mails digitally signed, we advise you to send them at the system's e-mail address. To do this, use the SEND_EMAIL_FOR_USER method described and place the sender's tag on the system. In this case, you need a public key pair for your ABAP system, which is stored as a Personal System Security Environment (PSE). For a detailed description of the configuration, including for verification and decryption of received emails, see the SAP Online Help at and SAP Note 1637415.

In the SCC4 transaction, first check whether eCATT is allowed to run. Then start the SECATT transaction. As you get started, you can define and modify test scripts and test configurations. First, create a test script. Think of it as a blueprint or a flow rule for how to create new derived roles. The test script will contain your recording later. Give the script a talking name, such as Z_MASSENGERATION_DERIVATIVES. Then click the Create Object button. You will now go to the Attribute tab, where you specify the general frame data. Then click the Editor tab. Now it goes to the recording, in the eCATT language called patterns. Click the Pattern button and specify that you want to record the PFCG transaction by selecting the UIAncontrol and TCD (Record) settings. The system will propose to call the interface "PFCG_1"; You can simply confirm this. Confirmation of the dialogue will immediately start the recording; They therefore end up in the PFCG transaction. We want to record the creation of a single role derived from a reference role. Complete the appropriate steps in the PFCG transaction and try to avoid unnecessary steps - every step you take will make your recording bigger and less cluttered. Enter the name of the derived role - we can influence it later when playing with eCATT - and specify the role. Now assign the reference role. Note that the PFCG transaction is actually executed, so the role is actually created in the system! Now maintain the permissions and organisation levels. If possible, use organisational level values in the note, which you can find well in other numbers later on, i.e. about 9999 or 1234. After generating and saving the role, you will be returned to eCATT. There you will be asked if you want to accept the data and confirm with Yes.
Check for permissions on the old user group when assigning a new user group to a user
In addition, you can also define customised permission checks in the SOS and also define combinations of authorization objects and their values. You can create up to 1,000 custom permissions checks in the Check ID namespace 9000 to 9999. You can also redefine whitelists for these permission checks, which apply to either individual or all of the customer's permission checks. The configuration is described in SAP Note 837490.

SAPCPIC: SAPCPIC is not a dialogue user, but is used for EDI usage in older releases (EDI = Electronic Data Interchange); in default, SAPCPIC has permissions for RFC access. However, you should not use this user for them, nor for batch processes, but you must create other users for these applications. Safeguard measures: Lock down the user, change the password, assign it to the SUPER user group and log it with the Security Audit Log.

Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.

Due to the complexity of an SAP® authorization concept, it is necessary that all essential aspects are set down in a written documented authorization concept.

Both the creation of a concept and the harmonization of existing structures often seem like a mammoth task.
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