What to do when the auditor comes - Part 1: Processes and documentation
Add External Services from SAP CRM to the User Menu
The assignment of roles does not include any special features. Therefore, we only deal with the topics of time-space delimitation and logging. Time-space validation is implemented as an additional filter that runs after the usual permission checks. This additional filter logic works as follows: The first step is to check whether the user is entered in the tax verifier table (Table TPCUSERN, Configuration with the transaction TPC2). Only then will the further tests be carried out. If not, no additional checks will be carried out. The programme is then checked to see if it is included in the table of allowed programmes (table TPCPROG, configuration with the transaction TPC4). If the check is negative, the system cancels with a permission error. The time-space check is performed against the valid intervals in the table TPCDATA (configuration with the transaction TPC6). The time-space check works in context: In addition to the supporting documents of the audit period, older supporting documents are also included if they are still relevant for the audit period, such as open items that were booked in previous years but only settled in the audit period. Records that do not fall into the valid period according to the logic described above are filtered out.
The system checks direct access to the contents of tables, for example, with transactions SE16, SM30, or SE16N with authorization checks on a table authorization group, object S_TABU_DIS. If there are no suitable authorizations for the table authorization group, the system checks the name of the table or view, object S_TABU_NAM. When making changes to client-independent tables, the system also checks the authorizations for object S_TABU_CLI. If you have configured line-based authorization checks in Customizing, the system also checks authorization object S_TABU_LIN. Assign tables or views to a table authorization group using transaction SE11 or SE54. You can also define table authorization groups using transaction SE54. If your customer development implements direct access to a table, use the VIEW_AUTHORITY_CHECK function module to perform the authorization check. For more information about generic access to tables, see SAP Note 1434284 Information Published on SAP Site and the online documentation for the authorization objects mentioned above.
Advantages of authorization tools
Many companies are currently converting their current SAP systems from an ERP state to an SAP S/4HANA system. Through this conversion, many technical and also organizational components come upon the respective companies. The time factor for determining, organizing and implementing the necessary components should not be underestimated. The area of security is often neglected in thought, but can lead to major problems and possibly image-related damage - and resulting financial losses - in retrospect. For this reason, the implementation of a comprehensive authorization concept should be considered as early as possible in the project phase, as several components are intertwined here.
SAP_NEW represents a specific permission profile that summarises the concrete permission changes between two SAP release levels. A distinction should be made between SAP's delivery of the SAP_NEW profile and the generation of an SAP_NEW role with a corresponding profile by you as a SAP customer (see also the SAP hint 1711620). Depending on the authorisation tracking procedure, the SAP_NEW permission can be assigned to any user in a development and quality assurance system immediately after the technical system upgrade. However, the goal is to assign to each user in the production environment only permissions that they need for their business operations. In the context of upgrades, the correct permissions must be determined and integrated into the corresponding permission roles.
Authorizations can also be assigned via "Shortcut for SAP systems".
The organization chart of the company is stored in SAP HCM.
Starting with SAP NetWeaver 7.31, you have the choice to set the reference time stamp from the SU22 data or delete the contents of the time stamp tables.